(www.MaritimeCyprus.com) This report provides a picture of the world’s merchant fleet in 2018, derived from data contained in the Equasis database. It examines the structure and characteristics of the fleet and its performance. The statistics are grouped into themes which could be of interest to the industry and regulators.
The themes are as follows:
- The Merchant Fleet Population
- Classification Societies
- Port State Control
- Vetting Programmes and Trade Associations
The small ships size category reflects the main tonnage threshold for merchant ships to comply with the SOLAS Convention. This category also includes many ships which do not trade internationally and therefore are not covered by the International Conventions or the port State control regimes, but for which some flag States require the same standards.
A significant proportion of these ships are also too small to be covered by classification societies and by the vetting and trading organisations. They have, therefore, been excluded from most of the analyses in order to avoid distortion of the
totals for ships which are generally covered by the International Legislation, port State control, classification societies and other trade organisations. To provide data for the whole merchant fleet, small ships are included in Chapters 2.1 and 2.2, and in the multiple inspection figures in Chapters 5.1 and 5.6. Small ships are also taken into consideration when evaluating the fleet size of a company and the detention rate in Chapter 6.3.
Regulatory and commercial tonnage thresholds are not common to all ship types. As a compromise, categories medium, large and very-large (i.e.: 2, 3 and 4) have been chosen so as to divide the fleet into three approximately equal parts in terms of tonnage. These three together represent the larger worldwide trading merchant ships.
Equasis uses over 100 descriptions of ship type provided by IHS Markit Maritime & Trade. For this report these types have been aggregated into 12 main types as follows:
- General Cargo Ships
- Specialized Cargo Ships
- Container Ships
- Ro-Ro Cargo Ships
- Bulk Carriers
- Oil and Chemical Tankers
- Gas Tankers
- Other Tankers
- Passenger Ships
- Offshore Vessels
- Service Ships
Source of Information:
Equasis is fed by over 60 data providers which can be divided into six categories:
core ship and company data, PSC regimes, classification societies, P&I clubs, associations or vetting programs and other international organisations. Almost all of these sources are used in this document to a greater or lesser extent. As to PSC information, it should be noted that not all inspections within the Indian Ocean MoU are reported in Equasis. Only inspections from Australia, France (Réunion Island), India, Iran, Mauritius, Oman, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Kenya and Bangladesh were considered in these statistics.
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